Jenő Landler grave in Moscow

The cemetery on the wall of the Kremlin is the resting place of prominent figures of the communist movement. Here lies Jenő Landler, a Hungarian lawyer.

Jenő Landler was born in Zala County in 1875 and moved to the capital shortly afterwards. He began working during railroad strikes as a lawyer for strikers and later as an organizer of the movements.

At the age of 33 he became the member of the Social Democratic Party of Hungary. During the Soviet period he oversaw internal affairs and trade as People’s Commissioner. After taking up his post he took command of the Third Red Army of the Hungarian Red Army in the success of the Northern Campaign.

After the collapse of the Soviet Republic he fled to Austria where he began to organize the illegally operating Communist Party and continued until the end of his life. After his death in Cannes, he was placed in his final resting place at the wall of the Kremlin as one of the 50 foreigners who have been buried there for their sacrificial work for communism.

Yazd Jászberény relationship

One of Iran’s most interesting cities is Yazd, a city of 450,000 inhabitants in the desert. The city has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2017, thanks to its outstanding culture that “is a living witness to the use of limited resources for the survival in the desert.”

Many Hungarians visit Yazd, thanks to the Jász-Hungarian relations, as the name of the town and the name of the “Jasz” people group are not coincidental. The town and its surroundings, the original place of residence of the Jasz, is no accident that Yazd has been a sister city of Jászberény since 2007.

The relationship between Jászberény and Yazd dates back to the end of the last millennium. At the 1995 Jasz Summit, Iran’s ambassador to Budapest recommended cooperation between the two cities with respect to “fraternal relations”. The first delegation of the Hungarian city visited the city in 1996, while Iranian delegations regularly visit the city of Jászberény.

The friendship between the two cities is symbolized by several gifts. On Jazd’s main square, Jászberény’s gift, Lehel’s horn, was exhibited, while the spatial sculpture of Jászberény can be found in the Iranian city. In 2013, the Iranian city donated Jászberény a wind tower, a typical building of Jazd and its surroundings, and the wind tower has been decorating the city of Jászberény ever since.